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Missouri Cotton Acres Up 17 Percent from 2018
Missouri Ag Connection - 08/13/2019

Corn: Planted area is estimated at 3.25 million acres, down 7 percent from last year. Harvested area, forecast at 3.06 million acres, is down 8 percent from 2018. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, the Missouri corn yield is forecast at 160 bushels per acre, up 20 bushels from 2018. Production is forecast at 490 million bushels, 5 percent above last year's production.

Soybeans: Planted area is estimated at 5.10 million acres, down 13 percent from last year. Harvested area, forecast at 5.03 million acres, is down 13 percent from 2018. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, the Missouri soybean yield is forecast at 45 bushels per acre, unchanged from 2018. Production is forecast at 226 million bushels, down 13 percent from 2018.

Winter wheat: Harvested area in 2019 is forecast at 470,000 acres, down 10 percent from the previous year. The winter wheat yield is forecast at 60 bushels per acre, up 1 bushel from 2018. Production is forecast at 28.2 million bushels, down 8 percent from the previous year.

Cotton: Planted area is estimated at 380,000 acres, up 17 percent from 2018. Harvested area, forecast at 368,000 acres, up 14 percent from last year. The cotton yield is forecast at 1,239 pounds per acre, down 134 pounds from 2018. Production is forecast at 950,000 bales (480-pound), up 3 percent from the previous year.

Rice: Planted area, estimated at 193,000 acres, is down 14 percent from 2018. Harvested area is forecast at 188,000 acres, down 15 percent from last year. Based on August 1 conditions, the Missouri rice yield is forecast at 7,300 pounds per acre, down 470 pounds per acre from 2018. Production is forecast at 13.7 million cwt, down 20 percent from last year.

Survey respondents who reported acreage as not yet planted for corn, cotton, sorghum, and soybeans in fourteen States for the Acreage report, released June 28, 2019, were re-contacted in July. Excessive rainfall had led to planting delays and challenges at the time of the survey, leaving a portion of acres still to be planted for corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; cotton in Arkansas; sorghum in Kansas; and soybeans in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

When planting delays occur NASS has established procedures and processes in place to re-contact respondents. In addition to the updated survey information, NASS considered Farm Service Agency (FSA) certified acreage information as well as satellite-based indications of acreage to update planted and harvested acreage estimates for this report.

NASS estimates of planted area are always larger than the certified acres reported by FSA because of definitional differences and the fact that some producers do not participate in USDA programs and therefore do not report their acreage to FSA. It is also important to note that data are reported to FSA over an extended period of time, with varying due dates across the country, and is historically incomplete in early August. NASS has carefully analyzed these data for many years and has determined they normally don't become nearly complete until September for cotton and October for corn, soybeans, and sorghum. A detailed description of how NASS incorporates the FSA certified acreage information into the estimating process can be found at www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Understanding_Statistics/FSA_Acreage.pdf.

Based on all of the data sources described above, planted and harvested area estimates for corn, soybeans, cotton, and sorghum were updated and included in this report. All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

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